CBT

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is something you have probably seen on a lot of therapist sites, because it is a large umbrella that covers a lot of therapeutic approaches. In a nutshell, CBT helps us identify harmful thinking processes, emotions and/or behaviors and  modify or change them into more functional patterns, resulting in better mental health and overall well-being. It is an overall approach to mental health treatment but also uses many specific techniques depending on the client's needs and preferences.

https://beckinstitute.org/about/understanding-cbt/

EMDR

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing uses eye movements to process traumatic memories, similar to how REM sleep processes the previous day's memories. This is one of the most effective treatments we have for trauma therapy. You can read more about it here on the official EMDR website:

https://www.emdria.org/about-emdr-therapy/

 

Brainspotting

Brainspotting also uses eye movements to process traumatic memories, but it differs from EMDR in a few ways; it is less structured, more intuitive, and uses fixed positions for the eye rather than movements. It is evidence-based and highly effective for trauma. You can read more about it here on the official Brainspotting website:

https://brainspotting.com/

Written Exposure Therapy

Exposure-based therapy revolves around facing fears and working through them until they no longer have that emotional "punch." This is a gold-standard approach for trauma and there are a few ways to go about it; WET is a very new version that basically replaces some of the talk therapy with writing. You can read more about it here - it's a little on the clinical side, but it does give a thorough breakdown if you're interested.

https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/treat/txessentials/written_exposure_therapy.asp